Information Security

Vulnerability Assessment And Penetration Testing

Digitalization and cybersecurity must evolve hand in hand

Vulnerability Assessment And Penetration Testing

Many IT systems are deployed with known and unknown security holes and bugs, and insecure default settings (such as blank passwords). New vulnerabilities may also occur as a result of mis-configurations and settings. Vulnerability assessment is the process of identifying such vulnerabilities in information systems. Penetration test, on the other hand, is the process of evaluating information security by simulating a malicious attack using vulnerabilities in information systems.

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Vulnerability Assessment and Penetration Testing (VAPT) are two types of vulnerability testing. The tests have different strengths and are often combined to achieve a more complete vulnerability analysis. In short, Penetration Testing and Vulnerability Assessments perform two different tasks, usually with different results, within the same area of focus. Vulnerability assessment tools discover which vulnerabilities are present, but they do not differentiate between flaws that can be exploited to cause damage and those that cannot. Vulnerability scanners alert companies to the preexisting flaws in their code and where they are located. Penetration tests attempt to exploit the vulnerabilities in a system to determine whether unauthorized access or other malicious activity is possible and identify which flaws pose a threat to the application. Penetration tests find exploitable flaws and measure the severity of each. A penetration test is meant to show how damaging a flaw could be in a real attack rather than find every flaw in a system. Together, penetration testing and vulnerability assessment tools provide a detailed picture of the flaws that exist in an application and the risks associated with those flaws.


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